The kaffir lime or makrut lime (Citrus hystrix) originated in Southeast Asia. The word “kaffir” is attributed to a racial blemish that refers to non-Muslim Swahili Africans who were stolen from their lands during the Indian Ocean slave trade. The kafirs were also an ethnic group in Sri Lanka descended from the Bantu peoples. With recent changes in the political views of common names, many restaurants and supermarkets use the name makrut lime. It turns out that micrantha – a term referring to a lime with a long line-is the same species as C. hystrix. For reasons of compassion, many choose to use the term makrut instead of referring to this citrus plant.
This citrus tree is an evergreen shrub that stands anywhere from 6 to 35 feet tall. Double hourglass-shaped leaves with a leaf disc twice the size of the petiole grow on spiny branches from a central trunk. In spring, white flowers with four to five petals up to 5 centimeters wide and self-pollinating Bloom. They pass away and form green citrus with a rugged exterior, where the flower once was. The fruit ripens and forms a yellow skin. Home gardeners manually pollinate kaffir lime if grown indoors.
Most people in the Western Hemisphere place their kaffir Linden in a large plant, at least a meter deep. Kaffir Linden thrives in the tropics. If you live in a tropical region and grow other tropical plants, plant kaffir Linden outdoors in after autumn so that your tree has time to take root in the ground before the summer heat. Do not transplant in the dead of winter in cold weather or endanger the kaffir lime. Place it away from other fruit trees and away from your home and facilities. Kaffir tees reach up to 35 meters in height under optimal conditions.
Dig a hole at least a meter wide and twice as wide as the root ball. Change the soil in the hole to include sand for drainage and well-rotted compost. Place the kaffir Linden in the hole, then add medium garden soil. Leave the tree mound above the ground line and make sure the graft joints are not covered.
If you live outside the tropics, transplant the kaffir Linden Tree from the nursery pot into a large container with the same soil mixture that an outdoor tree would have. If cold weather hits your kaffir, lime trees can be brought inside.
Sun and temperature
Makrut trees are tropical and need full sun. That means at least 6 to 8 hours of sunshine a day. The USDA strength zone for these trees is small, ranging from 10 to 12. Kaffir lime leaves easily produce at high temperatures. Three-digit heat is not a problem at all. But if the weather falls below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, protect your tree. Bring it inside or cover the aromatic leaves with a commercial frost cloth. If he experiences a hard freeze, he may die. Low temperatures (below 50 degrees) will also prevent flowering and fruit production.
Water and humidity
These plants love heat and high humidity. If you have dry heat in your region and your tree is outside, water several times a week at the base of the trunk. Do this in the morning, avoiding wetting the leaves. In general, about an inch of water per week is enough with the right humidity. Allow the soil around the tree to dry between watering so that it does not become waterlogged. Drip irrigation or soaking hoses are optimal for watering, but any other gentle irrigation method will work. Do not water if there was a lot of rain. In the growing season during the fruiting phase, water a couple of times a week to help form fruit and bulk.