Persimmon is a deciduous tree that grows between 15 and 60 meters in height. Stands upright or crooks on the side. It has glossy bluish oblong green leaves that are 3 to 6 inches long, one centimeter wide, and Gray on the underside. In autumn, persimmon trees take on characteristic red and orange. Most trees have both male and female flowers and require cross-pollination for fruiting. The male flowers are pink, and the cluster in three. Female flowers are cream-white and grow singly. Some species have both types of flowers. Flowers open in after spring. Then the petals die, and persimmons grow, ripening in early autumn. Some are astringent before ripening. When ripe, persimmons are yellow, orange or dark brown. The fruits are either astringent varieties or non-astringent varieties, meaning they must either fully ripen for sweetness or are sweet even when slightly unripe. Date trees do not bear fruit until at least 5 years of growth, and sometimes 7. Indeed, those who plant a Persimmon are in it for a long time.
Types Of Persimmons:
The American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) is native to the eastern United States and has been cultivated for centuries by both Native Americans and settlers. Male and female flowers stand on separate trees. The small fruit is round and orange-yellow. Some varieties are seedless, and several are very productive. Most of them are astringent and must completely ripen to softness before consumption. The American persimmon is hardy in zones 4 to 8. In colder areas, you can grow American persimmon in winter.
The drought-tolerant Texas Persimmon (Diospyros texana) is native to Oklahoma, Texas and parts of northeastern Mexico. The fruit is dark purple to black in color and more like a berry in size. D. texana blooms in March and April, and fruits ripen in August. Due to their astringency, they are sometimes put on the tree until the beginning of winter, harvested and turned into jams and jellies. These shrubs grow to about 3 meters and have male or female flowers. Unlike Asian persimmon or American persimmon, male and female flowers are white. This variety is perfect for growing persimmons in USDA Hardiness Zone 8b. you can grow it elsewhere, as long as proper care is provided in winter.
Growing persimmons is possible in a container. Planted bare root trees in the ground in autumn or winter will have time to settle down before spring. For trees planted in the ground, map and select a site in your yard or garden that has a rich, loamy, well-drained soil. A location in full sun to partial shade from a direct wind pattern is best. Date trees grow 10 to 6 meters apart.
Sun and temperature
Persimmons Enjoy 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. Growing persimmons in partial shade is possible, but the yield decreases. Common Persimmon enjoys USDA zones 5 through 9. American Persimmons grow in zones 4-9. American Persimmons tolerate low temperatures down to -25 degrees Fahrenheit, while Asian persimmons handle 0 degrees.
Wrap them in frost cloth or bring container plants to Frost. They enjoy subtropical climates and can easily cope with hot summers such as those in Florida. Without enough heat or sunlight, persimmons fall off. Pollination slows down in the summer season accompanied by drought. If you live in wet Florida, no problem!
Water and humidity
Water once a week in clay soil and twice a week in lighter soil. Drip irrigation or soaking hoses help water to penetrate the roots. Water in the morning and increase watering as the first 2 centimeters of the soil dries quickly. Some dehydration between irrigations will keep your Persimmon healthy, especially in the fruiting phase. If it is exceptionally rainy, there is no need for water. Persimmon is drought tolerant.