Squash chayote sprouts to form a large, sweeping vine that can reach up to 10 to 12 feet tall. Therefore, chayote plants need to grow along arched fences and fences. Chayote enjoys tropical and subtropical regions, grows as a perennial plant all year round in optimal conditions. In cool seasons, chayote dies back and remains dormant until it warms up again. One plant produces 60-100 kilograms of fruit per year. The chayote plant is a member of the cucurbit family and grows up to 8 years in a row. The vine grows 40-meter long branches that emit thin tendrils. They are covered with heart-shaped leaves, covered with trichomes. In after summer to early autumn, male and female flowers of light green to white color bloom on the same plant. When the flowers are successfully pollinated by insects, wind or by hand, they produce pear-shaped fruits that are plucked at the ends. The fruit has a short shelf life and germinates within 30 days if the middle seed feeds on moisture and nutrients from the fruit itself. Therefore, growers plant the entire fruit to propagate it.
All parts of chayote are edible. A staple crop of chayote courgettes is excellent raw, cooked in side dishes or grilled. The leaves are perfect for wok dishes. And the tuberous roots of chayote are eaten like a potato. The pulp of chayote gives the flavor of the dish in which it is located. Raw, tastes like Apple. The fruit is very nutritious and helps with heart and blood sugar problems, providing minerals and vitamins in the process. The leaves have been used for centuries as a prophylactic agent in teas, especially by Mesoamerican peoples. Fruit puree has also been used to treat skin rashes.
Preparation Of Chayote
Plant a sprouted fruit or transplants started from sprouted fruits in spring in a frost-free time and space. If you live in a cool region, grow chayote zucchini indoors first, then transplant when it’s warm. If you live somewhere that doesn’t have many days above 55 degrees Fahrenheit, avoid growing zucchini outdoors this summer. Select a site with clay soil, well-drained, in full sun. Give your chayote zucchini at least a diameter of 12 feet if you want to grow on a curved trellis, and at least 3 by 12 feet if you grow on a vertical trellis or fence. Chayote plants are too prolific to grow in most containers, although you can grow them successfully in a 30-gallon plastic container with multiple drainage holes. When growing chayote zucchini in the ground, plant the fruits or plant them in the center of the prepared bed.
Sun and temperature
Chayote is a tropical plant, which has an extended growing season in warm regions. It prefers full sun, with at least 6 hours of direct light per day. It resists even more than that and prefers high heat and intense sunlight. It is possible to grow chayote in partial shade, although this reduces fruit production. It is hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11. Areas outside this range are suitable for climate-controlled greenhouse cultivation, if space permits. Heat is not a problem for growing chayote, although cold winter regions are not great. Not only should the plant be frost-free for at least 120 to 150 days, but also not in an area that falls below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. At this time, unripe fruits drop from the plant. Chayote does not bear fruit in the cold. Freezing temperatures will finish this fast-growing vine.
Water and humidity
Water the chayote squash Weekly at the rate of 1 inch per week. Keep water consistent with drip irrigation, which ensures a steady supply, and prevents backsplash on the leaves to prevent fungal ailments. Test the soil under the chayote zucchini until the second joint. If you find dry soil there, add water. Soil moisture should be moist, but not waterlogged. In warmer seasons, water the plant daily. If chayote Wilts on an intensely hot summer afternoon, know that this is normal. Not too much water, especially if it was rainy.